Iranian frigate Jamaran

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Iranian Velayat-90 Naval Exercise by IRIN (6).jpg
Moudge-class frigate Jamaran
History
Iran
NameJamaran
NamesakeJamaran, Tehran
BuilderMarine Industries Organization
Laid down2006
Launched2007
Completed2010
Acquired1997
Commissioned19 February 2010[1][2]
HomeportBandar-Abbas
Identification76
Statusin active service
General characteristics
Class and typeMoudge-class frigate[3][4][5][6]
Displacement1,500 tonnes
Length95 m (311 ft 8 in)[1]
Beam11.1 m (36 ft 5 in) estimated
Draught3.25 m (10 ft 8 in) estimated
Propulsion
  • 2 × 10,000 hp (7,500 kW) diesel engines
  • 4 diesel generators; 4 x 740 hp (550 kW)[citation needed]
Speed30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement140
Sensors and
processing systems
Phased array Asr (radar) as the main radar installed in 2014
Armament
Aircraft carried1 x Bell 212 ASW helicopter
Aviation facilitieshelipad
NotesJamaran is equipped with modern radars and electronic warfare capabilities[8]

Jamaran is the lead ship of the Iranian Moudge-class frigate[3][4][5] launched in early 2010 in Bandar-e-Abbas, Iran. Iran has stated that the design and building of Jamaran was among the greatest achievements of the Iranian Navy and the ship's launch marks a major technological leap for Iran's naval industries.[8][9] More ships in its class are under construction to be added to the Iranian fleets in the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The ship is designed for a crew of 140.[10] Jamaran combines anti-submarine assets with other systems of weapons capable of dealing with surface and air threats as well.

Description

Weapons systems

The primary weapon deployed by Moudge-class vessels is the Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King, which acts in concert with shipboard sensors to seek out and destroy submarines at long range. The Moudge class also carries a close-in anti-submarine torpedo system, a 324 mm (13 in) light torpedo with a 30 kilometres (19 mi) range, mounted in triple torpedo launchers on either side of the stern.[11]

To deal with surface forces, the vessel is equipped with four Noor / C-802 surface-to-surface anti-ship cruise missiles, mounted in box launchers on the roof of the upper deck level between the radar and the main mast pointing towards either sides.[7][12][13] The single shot hit probability of the Noor, with a range of 170 km (110 mi), is estimated to be as high as 98%.[14]

For anti-aircraft self-defense the Moudge class has four medium range Fajr surface-to-air missiles (reversed engineered from the RIM-66/SM-1 standard missile)[15] with 74 km (46 mi) range, and 24.4 km (15.2 mi) flight ceiling, mounted in box launchers at the deck above the main deck level in front of the helicopter landing pad. The Moudge class also carries two 20 mm manned Oerlikon cannons and a 40 mm Fateh-40 autocannon (reverse engineered from Bofors L/70) with 12.5 km (7.8 mi) aerial range, to provide a shipboard point-defense against incoming anti-ship missiles and aircraft.[16]

The main gun on the forecastle is a 76 mm (3 in) Fajr-27 gun.[4] The gun is capable of firing at a rate of 85 rounds per minute at a range of more than 17 kilometers towards surface targets and 12 km (7.5 mi) towards aerial targets. The Fajr-27 is a multi-purpose weapon, capable of dealing with surface, air, and onshore targets. Jamaran has room on the roof of the upper deck level for installing two 0.50 calibre machine guns in the future.[13]

Countermeasures

Jamaran possesses chaff and flare systems and electronic warfare capabilities.[17]

Sensors & equipment

The ship is equipped with one Asr passive electronically scanned array long-range radar for air and surface search and tracking, installed on the roof of forward of the funnel.[5] The ship is also fitted with two navigation radars on the mainmast. The ship is equipped with one fire control radar.

The ship's equipment in detail are: S and X band radars, tactical aviation radar, radar processor and fire control systems, subsurface sonar and echo sounder, surface and subsurface communication & internal communication and computer network systems, ECM, ECCM, and navigation systems, electroptical and stabilizer and synchronizer systems, alert system against chemical-microbial attacks and doors and air conditioning system with impenetrability and resistance capability during these attacks, Automated navigation system and some other systems.[citation needed]

Propulsion

The Moudge-class vessels are powered by two 7,500 kW (10,000 hp) engines, and uses four diesel generators which each generate 550 kW (740 hp). The Moudge class can reach a maximum speed of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph).[citation needed]

Helicopter landing platform

Jamaran can accommodate a medium-sized helicopter and can also run a helicopter in-flight refueling (HIFR) operation when a helicopter approaches on the landing platform, which is not necessarily suited for landing operations.[18]

Classification

While Jamaran has been described by the press as a guided missile destroyer, within some western military analysis circles such as Jane's Information Group and GlobalSecurity.org it has instead been designated a frigate based on its displacement;[3][4][5] the latter acknowledged that there are no "rules in these matters". Commodore Amir Rastegari of the Iranian Navy remarked that Jamaran could be described as a frigate.[19]

Service history

Friendly fire incident

File:Konarak burning.png
10 May 2020, Iranian support vessel Konarak burning after being hit by missile fired by Jamaran

On 11 May 2020, reports stated that the Jamaran was conducting a test on a new anti-ship missile which mistakenly locked onto and hit the nearby friendly Iranian support vessel Konarak. The Iranian Navy reported 19 sailors dead and 15 others injured in the incident, which took place during a naval exercise in the Southern region of Iran near the Straits of Hormuz.[20]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Bloomberg". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010.
  2. "Iran launches first locally made destroyer". Archived from the original on February 19, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Fish, Tim (2010-02-25). "Iran launches first indigenous frigate". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 2013-01-26. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Mowj Class Corvette". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Wertheim, Eric (2007). Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems (Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World) (15th ed.). Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-955-2. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
  6. "Iran's navy to launch 2nd destroyer by 2012". Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 [1]
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Iran launches advanced Jamaran destroyer". PressTV. Archived from the original on 2010-02-22. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  9. IranAlmanac Iran will Target Invaders' Interests Everywhere Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine. 2007-09-22
  10. "Iran launches new destroyer". CNN. 2010-02-19. Archived from the original on 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
  11. "Iran tests anti-submarine torpedo". Press TV. 2010-05-09. Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
  12. "Iran Launches First Locally Built Naval Destroyer". Fox News. Associated Press. 2010-02-19. Archived from the original on 2020-05-13. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Press TV News Iran Unveils "Jamaran" Iran Made Destroyer". Retrieved 2010-02-19.[dead link]
  14. "C-802". GlobalSecurity.org. 2006-07-16. Retrieved 2008-03-22. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  15. "Jamaran / Mowj Class Multi-Purpose Guided Missile Frigate". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  16. "Iran builds anti-aircraft naval cannons". Payvand. Iranian Students News Agency. 2009-05-24. Archived from the original on 2020-01-15. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  17. "Iranian Navy's Jamaran destroyer equipped with chaff and flare systems". Naval Technology. 2015-01-06. Archived from the original on 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  18. "Jamaran Destroyer joins the IRI Navy" (Press release). Office of the Supreme Leader of Iran. 2010-02-19. Archived from the original on 2020-02-14.
  19. "Iran's navy to launch 2nd destroyer by 2012". Press TV. 2020-02-20. Archived from the original on 2012-01-12. [Commodore Amir Restegari] noted that the Jamaran could be categorized as a frigate class ship.
  20. "Iranian navy ship Konarak 'sunk by friendly fire' from frigate". BBC News. 2020-05-11. Archived from the original on 2020-05-13.

External links

Videos

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