HMS Superb (S109)

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HMS Superb MOD 45138106.jpg
HMS Superb on the Clyde in Scotland.
History
United Kingdom
NameHMS Superb
Ordered20 May 1970
BuilderVickers
Laid down16 March 1972
Launched30 November 1974
Commissioned13 November 1976
Decommissioned26 September 2008
HomeportFaslane
IdentificationPennant number: S109
MottoWith Strength and Courage
Nickname(s)Super B
StatusDecommissioned at Devonport
Badge100px
General characteristics
Class and type Swiftsure-class submarine
Displacement4,900 tonnes (dived)
Length82.9 m (272 ft 0 in)
Beam9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)
Draught8.5 m (27 ft 11 in)
Propulsion1 × Rolls-Royce pressurised water nuclear reactor (PWR1)
SpeedIn excess of 20 knots (37 km/h), dived
Complement116 officers and men
Armament

HMS Superb was a nuclear-powered fleet submarine of the Swiftsure class serving in the Royal Navy.

She was built by Vickers Shipbuilding Group, now a division of BAE Systems Submarine Solutions. Superb was launched on 30 November 1974 at Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 13 November 1976. After being damaged in May 2008 in the Red Sea, she returned to HMNB Devonport where she was decommissioned slightly ahead of schedule on 26 September 2008.

Operations

She was the first British submarine to visit the Arctic Ocean and sail under the polar ice caps.

During the Falklands War, Superb was spotted sailing from Gibraltar, which prompted press speculation that she was sailing to the South Atlantic to enforce a maritime exclusion zone. In fact, only Spartan was sailing south at that time but the speculation was useful to promote the apparent threat of the Royal Navy in the South Atlantic and was not corrected by the Navy or Ministry of Defence.

Superb operated in the Indian Ocean in 2001, in support of Operation Veritas, part of the War in Afghanistan.[1]

In January 2008 a sentry was found sleeping while on watch; the reprimand to the crew was caught on video.[2]

On 26 May 2008 Superb hit an underwater pinnacle in the Red Sea, 80 miles (130 km) south of the Suez Canal. She remained watertight, and none of the 112 crew were injured; however, she was unable to re-submerge due to damage to her sonar.[3] After undertaking initial repairs at the Souda Bay NATO base on Crete on 10 June 2008, she passed through the Mediterranean Sea, with a pause (at night) some miles off Gibraltar to disembark some less critical crew. Superb then continued back to the UK, arriving at Devonport Dockyard on 28 June 2008. After surveying the damage, the Royal Navy decided to decommission Superb slightly ahead of schedule on 26 September 2008.[4]

Nearly two years after the grounding, Superb's commanding officer at the time of the accident and two other officers were reprimanded for their roles in the collision. All three pleaded guilty to the charges of neglecting to perform their duty in failing to notice that the submarine was travelling towards the pinnacle. Despite the incident, all three officers were still serving in the Royal Navy at the time of the court-martial.[5]

References

  1. "British Launch Tomahawk Missiles As Part Of Strikes On Afghanistan". Defense Daily. 10 October 2001. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  2. "MoD acts over submarine incident". BBC. 3 June 2008. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2008.
  3. "UK submarine hits Red Sea rocks". BBC. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2008.
  4. "Superb submarine's final service". BBC. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2008.
  5. "Submarine commander reprimanded after grounding". BBC News Online. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2010.

External links