HMS Sandwich (1679)

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History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
NameHMS Sandwich
BuilderBetts, Harwich
LaunchedMay 1679
Honours and
awards
BEACHY HEAD 1690, BARFLEUR 1692, BELLEISLE 1761
FateBroken up, 1770
General characteristics as built[1]
Class and type90-gun second rate ship of the line
Tons burthen1,395
Length161 ft 6 in (49.2 m) (gundeck)
Beam44 ft 6 in (13.6 m)
Depth of hold18 ft 3 in (5.6 m)
PropulsionSails
Sail planFull-rigged ship
Armament90 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1712 rebuild[2]
Class and type1706 Establishment 90-gun second rate ship of the line
Tons burthen1,573
Length162 ft (49.4 m) (gundeck)
Beam47 ft (14.3 m)
Depth of hold18 ft 6 in (5.6 m)
PropulsionSails
Sail planFull-rigged ship
Armament
  • 90 guns:
  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 26 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs

HMS Sandwich was a 90-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched in May 1679 at Harwich.[1][3][unreliable source?]

At the battle of Barfleur, she failed to anchor during the flood tide at evening and as a result was swept through the French fleet taking several raking shots with the captain Antony Hastings being killed.[4]

She underwent a rebuild at Chatham Dockyard, from where she was relaunched on 21 April 1712 as a 90-gun second rate built to the 1706 Establishment. Sandwich was broken up in 1770.[2]

From March 1720 - November 1721, William Smellie, who became a man-midwife and the 'master of British midwifery', 'it seems certain' was naval surgeon on HMS Sandwich.[5]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p162.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p167.
  3. "British Second Rate ship of the line 'Sandwich' (1679)". Threedecks. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  4. Philip Aubrey 1979 The Defeat of James Stuart's Armada 1692 p101 ISBN 0 7185 1168 9
  5. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

References

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.