HMS Northumberland (F238)

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HMS Northumberland MOD 45154788.jpg
HMS Northumberland, 2012
NameHMS Northumberland
OperatorRoyal Navy
OrderedDecember 1989
BuilderSwan Hunter, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom
Laid down4 April 1991
Launched4 April 1992
Sponsored byLady Anne Kerr
Commissioned29 September 1994
RefitLIFEX 2016–2018
HomeportHMNB Devonport, Plymouth
  • Fortiter defendit triumphans
  • ("Triumphing by brave defence")
Honours and
  • Barfleur 1692
  • Vigo 1702
  • Louisberg 1758
  • Quebec 1759
  • Egypt 1801
  • San Domingo 1806
  • Groix Island 1812
  • Egypt 1882
Statusin active service
General characteristics
Class and typeType 23 frigate
Displacement4,900 t (4,800 long tons; 5,400 short tons)[1]
Length133 m (436 ft 4 in)
Beam16.1 m (52 ft 10 in)
Draught7.3 m (23 ft 11 in)
SpeedIn excess of 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range7,500 nautical miles (14,000 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Complement185 (accommodation for up to 205)
Electronic warfare
& decoys
Aircraft carried
Aviation facilities

HMS Northumberland is a Type 23 frigate of the Royal Navy. She is named after the Duke of Northumberland. She is the eighth RN ship to bear the name since the first 70-gun frigate in 1679, and the ninth in the class of Type 23 frigates. She is based at Devonport and is part of the Devonport Flotilla.

Service history


Northumberland is one of four Type 23 frigates built by Swan Hunter on the Tyne at Wallsend. She was launched by her sponsor Lady Kerr, wife of Admiral Sir John Kerr, the former Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command, in April 1992 and was accepted into Royal Naval Service in May 1994.


After sea trials and going through F.O.S.T. Northumberland was deployed to the Falklands. During her passage, Northumberland had to divert into rough weather to effect the rescue of a fishing trawler; during the diversion the ship allegedly struck a whale; although the damage was actually caused by the vessel "slamming" in high seas at speed whilst proceeding to the rescue. At Tenerife, after dropping off the rescued fishermen, the bow dome began to leak; this continued during her resumed voyage to the Falkland Islands. Northumberland took up station at South Georgia undertaking fishery protection duties; when this was complete a dry dock was found in Rio de Janeiro that was suitable to carry out a bow dome change. Once better weather arrived she sailed to Brazil to be put into dry dock. She was escorted in by two ex-Royal Navy Type 22 frigates. Once in the dry dock, repairs took three weeks at a cost of £3 million.

Deploying to the Caribbean in 1999 for counter narcotics and disaster relief duties, Northumberland seized over two tonnes of cocaine (with a street-value of £135 million), in cooperation with a United States Coast Guard law enforcement detachment.[2]


From July 2004 to July 2005, Northumberland underwent an extensive refit at Number 1 Dock (Inner) at Babcock's dockyard in Rosyth, her first refit since build. This refit saw her equipped with an updated suite of weapons and sensors (e.g. a modified 4.5" Gun and the latest Low Frequency Active Sonar) and of propulsion and mechanical systems. Improvements were also made to the living quarters and a state of the art galley to feed the Ship's Company. Also replaced were corroded areas of the flight deck, improvements were made to the lighting system used during night landings and a new helicopter handling system to move a 13-ton Merlin helicopter safely in and out of the hangar installed. (Although the Type 23 was originally designed to operate the Merlin, Northumberland had previously only hosted the much smaller Lynx.) The combination of 2087 LFAS and Merlin ASW helicopter has subsequently proved highly effective and the class is widely regarded as the most capable anti-submarine frigate afloat.

Northumberland rejoined the fleet at the Trafalgar 200 celebrations, then embarked for a period of sea training, starting with BOST (Basic Operational Sea Training) in January 2006, straight after the Christmas leave period.[3] For a time during 2006 Northumberland accompanied the submarine HMS Torbay on her deployment to the US AUTEC (Acoustic Undersea Testing and Evaluation Centre) which is based on Andros Island in the Bahamas.[4] In 2007 she deployed to the Mediterranean as part of the UK's contribution to NATO maritime forces.

In 2008, Northumberland deployed to the Indian Ocean as the first RN warship to participate in the EU's counter piracy Operation Atalanta, conducting numerous counter-piracy patrols in the Gulf of Aden and escorting World Food Programme humanitarian shipping between Mombasa and Mogadishu; this was partially documented in the Sky TV programme Ross Kemp in Search of Pirates.

She deployed to the Indian Ocean again in 2010 for an eight-month counter-piracy patrol as part of the international naval counter-piracy task force, TF 151 and conducted numerous operations to disrupt piracy activity in the Gulf of Aden and the eastern Somali coast.

Northumberland returned to the UK at the end of 2010 to prepare to enter refit in 2011.


As part of an extensive refit at the beginning of 2011, Northumberland received several significant technology upgrades. The Sea Wolf point defence missile system was upgraded with the Sea Wolf Mid-Life Update (SWMLU – pronounced "swimloo") which substantially improved the range, performance and reliability of the system. The combat system was upgraded from outfit DNA to DNA2, replacing the combat system architecture to improve redundancy and system performance, and a software upgrade which significantly improves overall functionality and sensor integration, as well as providing MMI convergence with the Type 45 destroyer's command system. The two 30mm BMARC cannons were replaced by two 30mm Automated Small Calibre Gun (ASCG) mountings. These allow remote control of the mount via operator consoles and integrated Electro Optic fire control. Additional modifications improved habitability and reliability in high ambient temperatures.

Emerging from refit in the summer of 2011, Northumberland completed her sea trials and weapon acceptance programme, conducting eight weeks of Basic Operational Sea Training (BOST) in early 2012. She deployed back to the Indian Ocean in the Autumn of 2012 for counter-piracy and counter-narcotics tasking. This included the successful capture and destruction of over £5M of cannabis resin from a smuggler in the Arabian Sea. She returned to the UK in May 2013.[5]

Northumberland participated in Exercise Joint Warrior 2013.[6]

The ship joined the COUGAR 14 Response Force Task Group deployment for exercises in the Mediterranean and Gulf regions.[7]

Northumberland eventually returned to Devonport on 5 December 2014 after a deployment which included visits to Gibraltar, Souda Bay in Crete, Bahrain, Dubai and Fujairah in the United Arab Emirates, Mumbai in India, Muscat in Oman, Malta and Lisbon.[8]

On 9 May 2015, Northumberland was present in St Peter Port for the commemorations marking the 70th anniversary of Guernsey's Liberation.[9] A month later, Northumberland moored off Cowes in company with HM Ships Ranger and Smiter to mark the 200th anniversary of the Royal Yacht Squadron.[10] Celebrations began with a reception and capability demonstration onboard hosted by the Second Sea Lord. Guests included the Duke of Edinburgh, as Admiral of the Royal Yacht Squadron, and foreign royals including King Harald of Norway, Juan Carlos, the former king of Spain and Prince Henrik of Denmark.

Later in June 2015, Northumberland played a key role in the Waterloo 200 celebrations by carrying the New Waterloo Dispatch letter across the English Channel from Ostend to Broadstairs as part of an elaborate re-enactment retracing the route of HMS Peruvian, the naval sloop which carried the original letter that brought the news of the victory of the Battle of Waterloo back to England in 1815.[11]

In 2016, during preparations for entering refit in Devonport, Northumberland hosted the semi-final stage of the BBC series Masterchef.[12] As part of her re-fit, she was upgraded with Sea Ceptor surface-to-air missiles and returned to sea in 2018[13]

Northumberland's 4.5-inch Mk 8 Mod 1 "Kryten" naval gun designed to reduce radar cross section

In December 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, Northumberland returned to Devonport after a number of suspected COVID-19 cases had been discovered on board. The ship was previously tasked with patrolling UK waters over the festive period but returned to Devonport so that the crew could isolate, in accordance with health guidelines. The Royal Navy stated that the ship would still continue to meet its operational taskings over Christmas.[14]


In June 2021, Northumberland, along with Tamar and Tyne, was deployed off the Cornish coast to provide security for the 2021 G7 summit.[15]


Harpoon anti-ship missile launchers aboard Northumberland

She is affiliated to numerous organisations:

In honouring these affiliations, she regularly visits Tyneside (most recently in June 2015 as part of Armed Forces Day) and occasionally, London, most recently mooring along the north side of HMS Belfast in April 2007 as part of the 200th anniversary of the Slave Trade Act 1807. On that visit she was open to the public with a display on modern anti-slaving operations in which she and other ships of the Royal Navy take part. She also visited Baltimore in June 2006, Marmaris in Turkey in February 2003 and in October 2001 attended an Australian Fleet Review in Sydney.


  1. "Type 23 frigates". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  2. "Navy Drugs Bust Seizes £135M of Cocaine in the Caribbean". Royal Navy. 17 November 1999. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  3. "Northumberland Flight". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2007.
  4. "HMS Northumberland lights up Newcastle". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2007.
  5. "Drug-busting HMS Northumberland returns home from seven-month patrol". Royal Navy. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  6. "Scotland Set To Host Exercise Joint Warrior". Royal Navy. 2 October 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  7. "Royal Navy task group rendezvous with French allies". Royal Navy. 1 October 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  8. "HMS Northumberland welcomed home from operations". Royal Navy. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  9. "HMS Northumberland marks 70th anniversary of Guernsey's Liberation". Royal Navy. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  10. "Navy plays big part in Royal Yacht Squadron's anniversary celebrations". Royal Navy. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  11. "HMS Northumberland stars in Waterloo commemorations". Royal Navy. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  12. Travis, Ben (25 April 2016). "MasterChef 2016: what's happening in semi-finals week". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  13. "Royal Navy frigate HMS Northumberland underway after Sea Ceptor refit". Naval Today. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  14. "Covid: Navy crew isolates after suspected outbreak". BBC News. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  16. "Affiliations". Royal Navy. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  17. "HMS Northumberland". Tynemouth Lifeboat. Archived from the original on 19 October 2007. Retrieved 31 March 2019.

External links