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Approaching the Dufftown Clock Tower in the middle of Dufftown
|Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 408: Malformed coordinates value.|
|Population||1,667 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference||NJ323399|
|• Edinburgh||108 mi (174 km) SSW|
|• London||430 mi (692 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Dufftown (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Bhainidh [ˈpaləˈvanɪ(j)]) is a burgh in Moray, Scotland.
Historically part of Banffshire, Dufftown is in the ancient parish of Mortlach (Scottish Gaelic: Mòrthlach). The old Kirkton of Mortlach, with the historic Mortlach Parish Church, is on the southern outskirts of the present town. In the 19th century, James Duff, 4th Earl Fife, established Dufftown as housing for soldiers returning home from the Napoleonic War.
In the Middle Ages, Mortlach (in Latin Murthlacum) was an episcopal see.
Dufftown hosts a highland games event every July which attracts many tourists.
Dufftown's notable buildings include Balvenie Castle, which was partly built with stones from the ruins of nearby Auchindoun Castle. The street plan of Dufftown is mainly four main roads meeting at the Dufftown Clock Tower; previously a prison but now a tourist information centre.
The railway reached Dufftown in 1862 when the Keith and Dufftown Railway opened a station in the settlement. The station closed to passengers in 1968 with goods traffic coming to an end around 1991. In 2003, the Keith and Dufftown Association reopened the station and the line as a preserved railway and set up their headquarters at the station.
The Diocese of Mortlach was one of Scotland's 13 medieval bishoprics. The names of four bishops of the see are known:
- Beóán of Mortlach (fl. 1012)
- Nechtan, who transferred the see to Aberdeen in April 1132, during the reign of King David I of Scotland.
Today, the Diocese of Mortlach, under its Latin name of Murthlacum, is a titular see of the Catholic Church.
Dufftown has an oceanic climate typical of Northern Scotland, characterised by relatively mild, damp winters and cool cloudy summers. The area averages 76 air frosts a year. Like much of Europe, Dufftown's climate is insulated somewhat by the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current originating near the gulf of Mexico. This warm ocean current makes Dufftown's climate significantly milder during the winter than expected for its latitude.
|Climate data for Keith (Nearest climate station to Dufftown)1981 – 2010|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||65.7
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||45.9||77.3||108.2||142.2||190.0||152.7||156.8||145.6||117.5||89.6||53.2||35.0||1,314|
Whisky in Dufftown
Dufftown is located on the River Fiddich and is the location of several Scotch whisky distilleries. It produces more malt whisky than any other town in Scotland; in fact, a signpost on the way into Dufftown declares it the "Whisky Capital of the World". The largest and best known of the many surrounding distilleries is the Glenfiddich distillery that distills Glenfiddich single malt Scotch whisky. The Glenfiddich distillery is owned by William Grant & Sons, Dufftown's largest employer. This proliferation puts it on the famed Malt Whisky Trail, which also includes Keith, Glen Grant Distillery, Marypark, and Tomintoul.
The following distilleries have produced whisky in Dufftown.
According to the third film in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Hogwarts, the main setting of the series, is said to be close to Dufftown by Hermione Granger, when the town is mentioned in an article in The Daily Prophet.
- Leslie Benzies the president of Rockstar North, which produces the famous Grand Theft Auto game series amongst other games, was born in Aberdeen and grew up in Dufftown.
- Dame Helen Carruthers Mackenzie, health campaigner, was born here in 1859.
- George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen, one of the founders of the Canadian Pacific Railway was born in Dufftown.
- William Grant, Lord Grant (1909–1972), Unionist Members of Parliament (MPs), Lord Advocate and Lord Justice Clerk, born in Dufftown
- William Robertson Nicoll, writer and Free Church Minister in Dufftown
- ↑ "Historical successions: Aberdeen". Crockford's Clerical Directory. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- ↑ Dowden 1912 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDowden1912 (help), The Bishops of Scotland, pp. 97–98.
- ↑ Fryde et al. 1986 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFrydeGreenwayPorterRoy1986 (help), Handbook of British Chronology, p. 317.
- ↑ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 934
- ↑ "Scotland's Malt Whisky Trail". Retrieved 4 May 2014.
- ↑ "Dufftown's Distilleries". Retrieved 1 July 2008.
- ↑ Tom Begg, ‘Mackenzie , Dame Helen Carruthers (1859–1945)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 28 Dec 2016
- ↑ Watt, George (20 November 1972). "Lord Grant killed in car accident". Glasgow Herald. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2016 – via Google News.
Media related to Lua error in Module:Commons_link at line 64: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). at Wikimedia Commons
- Scotland Census 2011
- Dufftown Website
- grid reference NJ325395
- Dufftown Golf Club
- Dufftown Football Club
- The Whisky Shop Dufftown
- Keith to Dufftown Railway
- Dufftown Highland Games
- Dufftown & District Pipe Band
- Dufftown Accommodation – Dullan Brae Accommodation
- Dufftown Accommodation – Highland Spirit Bed and Breakfast – 4 star
- National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE (archive films about Dufftown)
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