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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1686 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1686
Ab urbe condita2439
Armenian calendar1135
Assyrian calendar6436
Balinese saka calendar1607–1608
Bengali calendar1093
Berber calendar2636
English Regnal yearJa. 2 – 2 Ja. 2
Buddhist calendar2230
Burmese calendar1048
Byzantine calendar7194–7195
Chinese calendar乙丑(Wood Ox)
4382 or 4322
    — to —
丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
4383 or 4323
Coptic calendar1402–1403
Discordian calendar2852
Ethiopian calendar1678–1679
Hebrew calendar5446–5447
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1742–1743
 - Shaka Samvat1607–1608
 - Kali Yuga4786–4787
Holocene calendar11686
Igbo calendar686–687
Iranian calendar1064–1065
Islamic calendar1097–1098
Japanese calendarJōkyō 3
Javanese calendar1609–1610
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4019
Minguo calendar226 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar218
Thai solar calendar2228–2229
Tibetan calendar阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1812 or 1431 or 659
    — to —
(male Fire-Tiger)
1813 or 1432 or 660

1686 (MDCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1686th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 686th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1680s decade. As of the start of 1686, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.




Date unknown

  • The Swedish Church Law 1686 confirms and describes the rights of the Lutheran Church and confirms Sweden as a Lutheran state: all non-Lutherans are banned from immigration unless they convert to Lutheranism; the Romani people are to be incorporated to the Lutheran Church; the poor care law is regulated; and all parishes are forced by law to teach the children within them to read and write, in order to learn the scripture, which closely eradicates illiteracy in Sweden.[2]
  • A hurricane saves Charleston, South Carolina from attack by Spanish vessels.
  • English historian and naturalist Robert Plot publishes The Natural History of Staffordshire, a collection of illustrations and texts detailing the history of the county. It is the first document known to mention crop circles and a double sunset.
  • The Café Procope, which remains in business in the 21st century, is opened in Paris by Procopio Cutò, as a coffeehouse.




  1. Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 196–197. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. Du Rietz, Anita (2013). Kvinnors entreprenörskap: under 400 år. Stockholm: Dialogos.