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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1659 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1659
Ab urbe condita2412
Armenian calendar1108
Assyrian calendar6409
Balinese saka calendar1580–1581
Bengali calendar1066
Berber calendar2609
English Regnal year10 Cha. 2 – 11 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2203
Burmese calendar1021
Byzantine calendar7167–7168
Chinese calendar戊戌(Earth Dog)
4355 or 4295
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4356 or 4296
Coptic calendar1375–1376
Discordian calendar2825
Ethiopian calendar1651–1652
Hebrew calendar5419–5420
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1715–1716
 - Shaka Samvat1580–1581
 - Kali Yuga4759–4760
Holocene calendar11659
Igbo calendar659–660
Iranian calendar1037–1038
Islamic calendar1069–1070
Japanese calendarManji 2
Javanese calendar1581–1582
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3992
Minguo calendar253 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar191
Thai solar calendar2201–2202
Tibetan calendar阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
1785 or 1404 or 632
    — to —
(female Earth-Pig)
1786 or 1405 or 633

1659 (MDCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1659th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 659th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1659, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.




Date unknown

  • First British colonists arrive on Saint Helena.
  • Spanish Infanta Maria Theresa brings cocoa to Paris.
  • Diego Velázquez's portrait of Infanta Maria Theresa is first exhibited.
  • Thomas Hobbes publishes De Homine.
  • Parisian police raid a monastery, sending monks to prison for eating meat and drinking wine during Lent.
  • Drought occurs in India.[3]
  • Peter Swink, the first known non-white settler to own land in Massachusetts, and first known African to live in Springfield, Massachusetts, arrives. He holds a seat in the town meetings.




  1. On display at Westminster Abbey.
  2. Robert D. Huerta (2003). Giants of Delft: Johannes Vermeer and the Natural Philosophers : the Parallel Search for Knowledge During the Age of Discovery. Bucknell University Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-8387-5538-9.
  3. Khadg Singh Valdiya (2004). Coping with Natural Hazards: Indian Context. Orient Blackswan. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-250-2735-5.