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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1648 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1648
Ab urbe condita2401
Armenian calendar1097
Assyrian calendar6398
Balinese saka calendar1569–1570
Bengali calendar1055
Berber calendar2598
English Regnal year23 Cha. 1 – 24 Cha. 1
Buddhist calendar2192
Burmese calendar1010
Byzantine calendar7156–7157
Chinese calendar丁亥(Fire Pig)
4344 or 4284
    — to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4345 or 4285
Coptic calendar1364–1365
Discordian calendar2814
Ethiopian calendar1640–1641
Hebrew calendar5408–5409
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1704–1705
 - Shaka Samvat1569–1570
 - Kali Yuga4748–4749
Holocene calendar11648
Igbo calendar648–649
Iranian calendar1026–1027
Islamic calendar1057–1058
Japanese calendarShōhō 5 / Keian 1
Javanese calendar1569–1570
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3981
Minguo calendar264 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar180
Thai solar calendar2190–2191
Tibetan calendar阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
1774 or 1393 or 621
    — to —
(male Earth-Rat)
1775 or 1394 or 622

1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1648th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 648th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1640s decade. As of the start of 1648, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1648 has been suggested as possibly the last year in which the overall human population declined, coming towards the end of a broader period of global instability which included the collapse of the Ming dynasty and the Thirty Years' War, the latter of which ended in 1648 with the Peace of Westphalia.[1]


The Holy Roman Empire in 1648



Date unknown






Date unknown



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