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|1156 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1156 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1909|
|Balinese saka calendar||1077–1078|
|English Regnal year||2 Hen. 2 – 3 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)|
3852 or 3792
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
3853 or 3793
|- Vikram Samvat||1212–1213|
|- Shaka Samvat||1077–1078|
|- Kali Yuga||4256–4257|
|Japanese calendar||Kyūju 3 / Hōgen 1|
|Minguo calendar||756 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1467/1468 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1698–1699|
1282 or 901 or 129
— to —
1283 or 902 or 130
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1156.|
- Spring – Raynald of Châtillon, prince of Antioch, makes an alliance with Thoros II (the Great), ruler of Armenian Cilicia. He invades Cyprus and conducts a widespread plundering of the Byzantine island. The Crusaders and the Armenian forces march up and down the island robbing and pillaging every building, church and convent as well as shops and private houses. The crops are burnt; the herds are rounded up – together with all the population – and driven down to the coast. The massacre last about three weeks, on the rumor of an Byzantine fleet in the offing, Raynald gives the order for embarkation. The Crusader ships are loaded with booty, and every Cypriot is forced to ransom himself.
- January 20 – Freeholder Lalli slays the English missionary-bishop Henry with an axe, on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland (according to legend).
- February – Domenico Morosini, doge of Venice (House of Morosini), dies after a 8-year reign. He is succeeded by Vitale II Michiel as ruler of Venice.
- May 28 – King William I (the Bad) lands with a Sicilian expeditionary force in Apulia. He defeats the Byzantine army at Brindisi and recaptures Bari.
- June 9 – Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa) marries Beatrice I, daughter of Reginald III, adding the County of Burgundy to the Holy Roman Empire.
- June 18 – Pope Adrian IV comes to terms, and signs the Treaty of Benevento. He recognises the suzerainity of William I as ruler of Sicily and Italy.
- September 17 – Frederick I makes the Margraviate of Austria a duchy and gives the Babenberg Dynasty special privileges (the Privilegium Minus).
- Yuri Dolgorukiy, Grand Prince of Kiev, founds and fortifies the town of Moscow and erects wooden Kremlin within the settlement (approximate date).
- December 25 – King Sverker I (the Elder) is murdered on his way to church. He is succeeded by his rival, Eric IX (the Holy), as ruler of Sweden.
- The independent city-state Sfax revolts against Norman occupation. Almohad forces liberate the city and massacre the Christian citizens.
- July 28 – The Hōgen rebellion, a dispute between Emperor Go-Shirakawa and his half-brother retired-Emperor Sutoku, erupts in Japan.
Art and Science
- Mosan artists create the Stavelot Triptych, a masterpiece of Goldsmithing, as a reliquary to house purported pieces of the True Cross.
- January 6 – Matilda of England, daughter of Henry II (d. 1189)
- October 27 – Raymond VI, French nobleman (d. 1222)
- Abu Said al-Baji, Almohad Sufi scholar (d. 1231)
- Hōjō Masako, Japanese noblewoman (d. 1225)
- Isaac II (Angelos), Byzantine emperor (d. 1204)
- Magnus V (Erlingsson), king of Norway (d. 1184)
- Robert of Auxerre, French chronicler (d. 1212)
- Sayf al-Din al-Amidi, Ayyubid jurist (d. 1233)
- January 17 – André de Montbard, French nobleman
- January 20 – Henry, English bishop and missionary
- January 31 – Herman van Horne, bishop of Utrecht
- July 20 – Toba, Japanese emperor (b. 1103)
- August 4 – Otto IV, German nobleman (b. 1083)
- August 12 – Blanca of Navarre, queen of Castile
- November 20 – Henry I, German nobleman (b. 1115)
- December 2 – William IX, count of Poitiers (b. 1153)
- December 25
- Atsiz, Persian ruler of the Khwarazmian Empire
- Domenico Morosini, doge of Venice (House of Morosini)
- Fujiwara no Sadanobu, Japanese calligrapher (b. 1088)
- Fujiwara no Taishi, Japanese empress (b. 1095)
- Fujiwara no Yorinaga, Japanese statesman (b. 1120)
- Gilbert de Gant, English nobleman (b. 1126)
- Li Qingzhao, Chinese female poet (b. 1084)
- Mas'ud I, Seljuk ruler of the Sultanate of Rum
- Minamoto no Tameyoshi, Japanese general (b. 1096)
- Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, Irish king (b. 1088)
- Ghazarian, Jacob G. (2000). The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia during the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians with the Latins (1080–1393. Routledge Curzon (Taylor & Francis Group), 2000, Abingdon. ISBN 0-7007-1418-9.
- Runciman, Steven (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 283. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
- Kleinhenz, Christopher (2010). Medieval Italy: an encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. p. 95. ISBN 0-415-93930-5.
- Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Retrieved January 17, 2012. Cite journal requires