'Double Fish Hook' Strategy

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Double fish hook strategy is a speculated maritime strategy which India adopts to counter the String of Pearls strategy by China.[1][2] This ‘Fish Hook’ strategy of India is expected to complement the fish hook strategy undertaken by the US along with its allies in the Pacific Ocean.

The double fish hook involves a string of port developments and alliances that India has entered into. The first fish hook covers the eastern Indian Ocean and begins in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and ends at the US military base (Diego Garcia) in the Chagos Archipelago.[2] The Andaman and Nicobar Islands constitute the endpoint of the US fish hook strategy.[3] The western fish hook begins at the Duqm port through India's Maritime Transport Agreement with Oman and traverses Mauritius, Seychelles, and Madagascar.[2] India also develops maritime linkages with France, which has security interests for its territories in the Indian Ocean region.[2]


  1. Network, Defence (2020-08-08). "Countering Chinese String of Pearls, India's 'Double Fish Hook' Strategy". Defence Network (in English). Retrieved 2020-08-11.[permanent dead link]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Jha, Prof Pankaj (2020-08-08). "Countering Chinese String of Pearls, India's 'Double Fish Hook' Strategy". Modern Diplomacy (in English). Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  3. "Has India activated its 'Fish Hook' strategy in the Indian Ocean?". www.cescube.com. Retrieved 2020-12-30.