From today's featured article
The two submarines of the U-1 class, U-1 and U-2, were built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy. Constructed according to an American design, they were launched in 1909. A diving chamber, wheels for traveling along the seabed, and other experimental features were tested extensively in sea trials. Their gasoline engines were replaced prior to World War I over safety and efficiency concerns. The boats have been described by naval historians as obsolete by the time they were commissioned in 1911. Both submarines were mobilized briefly during the Balkan Wars, and otherwise served as training boats before 1915. From 1915 to 1918 they conducted reconnaissance cruises out of Trieste and Pola, though neither sank any enemy vessels during the war. Facing defeat in October 1918, the Austro-Hungarian government transferred its navy, including these submarines, to the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs to avoid having to hand its ships over to the Allied Powers. (Full article...)
Did you know ...
Rib vault of the Heiligen-Geist-Kapelle, Bruck
- ... that the Heiligen-Geist-Kapelle in Bruck, a unique late-Gothic chapel with a star rib vault (pictured), was almost demolished to make room for a highway?
- ... that the Rhodesian Independence Bell, a replica of the American Liberty Bell, was inscribed "I toll for justice, civilization and Christianity"?
- ... that South African American-football kicker Ryan Pretorius wore cleats two sizes too small at Ohio State to simulate kicking barefoot?
- ... that although Dmitri Shostakovich initially dismissed his own Piano Sonata No. 2 as a "trifle, something impromptu", he would later consider it his most important piano composition?
- ... that Peter Clavelle did not face either a Republican or a Democratic opponent in the 1991 Burlington mayoral election?
- ... that María Teresa Sesé wrote 500 romance novels in her native Spanish, then wrote several books in Basque after studying the language for two years?
- ... that the current Indonesian ambassador to Nigeria, Usra Hendra Harahap, personally led a rescue operation to free Indonesian crew members taken hostage by pirates in June 2020?
- ... that leopards live in the forest in Turkey?
In the news
Haiti earthquake damage
On this day
September 29: Michaelmas (Christianity)
- 1923 – The Mandate for Palestine came into effect, officially creating the protectorates of Palestine under British administration and Transjordan as a separate emirate under Abdullah I.
- 1941 – The Holocaust: Nazi forces, aided by local collaborators, began the Babi Yar massacre in Kiev, Ukraine, killing over 30,000 Jewish civilians in two days and thousands more in the months that followed.
- 1954 – Willie Mays (pictured) of Major League Baseball's New York Giants made one of the most famous defensive plays in baseball history, known as "The Catch".
- 1963 – The University of East Anglia was founded in Norwich, England, after talk of establishing such a university in the city began as early as the 19th century.
- 1990 – The Lockheed YF-22, the prototype for the F-22 Raptor, made its first flight.
William of Tyre (d. 1186) · Jim Baxter (b. 1939) · Kevin Durant (b. 1988)